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導軌和軸承

應該保持所有軸處的導軌和軸承清潔以及良好的潤滑性能。如果機械手運行在充滿灰塵的環境中,那么需要經常清理導軌。如果你發現任何金屬碎片或粉末,那就可能表示潤滑不 好。為了保證合適的潤滑,擁有恰當的線性導向系統非常關鍵,大多數機械手擁有自動化的潤滑系統以及需要定期替換的部件。

 

Guide should keep all the shaft and bearing cleaning and good lubrication performance. If the system is in a dusty environment, you need to often clean up the guide rail. If you find any pieces of metal or powder, it may be said lubrication is not good. To ensure proper lubrication, a proper linear guide system is critical, most of the manipulator with automatic lubricating system and needs regular replacement of parts.

 

 

機械手循環周期

保持機械手良好運行的要點之一是簡單的觀察和傾聽,這樣做能夠暴露出機械手總體運行的許多信息。機械手通過具體動作工作,因此傾聽任何不正常的聲音,例如嘯叫、咔嗒聲等,這些表明軸承不能正常旋轉或其它某個構件被粘住。機械手鏈接部分沿著裝有動力電纜和真空軟管的導軌運動,會發出正常的滴答聲,但是這種聲音平滑穩定。檢查任何可以觀察到的軸承,確保它們平穩旋轉。 只需要檢查并聆聽某些磨損或需要調整的征兆,就可以大大有助于保持機械手最佳的運行狀態。

 

Manipulator a good run is one of the main points of the simple look and listen, do it can expose the manipulator overall run a lot of information. Manipulator by the movements of the specific work, so listen to any abnormal sound, such as the noise, click the show that bearing not rotating properly or some other component is stuck. Manipulator links section along with the power cable and the vacuum hose guide rail movement, have a normal tick, but the sound smooth and stable. Check to see any bearing, ensure their smooth rotation. Only needs to be checked and listen to some signs of wear or need to adjust, the operation of the manipulator can greatly help to keep the best state.

 

 

驅動系統

如果機械手采用裝配架-傳動齒輪驅動,注意在運行過程中是否有任何遲疑或晃動發生。除了光滑平穩的動作之外的所有運動都可以表明驅動系統損壞或內部寄存了一些異物。 機械手推動向下運動時,快速檢查裝配梁和傳動齒輪之間動作或齒隙的方法是推拖運動臂,感覺異常運動(來回動作不同)。然而由于正常的廠家公差精度非常高,因此本試驗方法將會非常不精確。 如果你懷疑裝配梁和傳動齒輪可能有問題,較好的方法是使用量 程長的磁性表座。按照廠家說明書調整好齒隙后,檢查軸的全部行程,保證裝配梁和傳動齒輪之間沒有太緊的地方。 如果齒隙不能調整,那么裝配架和傳動齒輪可能出現磨損,需要替換。如果必需修補裝配架和傳動齒輪,那么最好同時替換兩個構件從而保證長期性能。 至于靠傳送帶驅動的軸,密切注意傳送帶磨損落下的碎屑以及本身的損害。仔細檢查滑輪,留意源自傳送帶材料的灰塵的跡象。確保傳送帶和傳動滑輪以及槽輪的完全排列成行。方向偏離的傳送帶會非常快地磨損掉。只要是傳送帶驅動的系統,可按照廠家的說明書檢查傳送帶本身的預加負荷。這些規范將告訴你:相對于滑輪,在傳送帶具體位置上的適宜誤差量。

 

The mounting rack - if the manipulator driving gear drive, pay attention to in the process of running if there is any hesitation or shaking. Besides and smooth movements of all the sports that drive system damage or internal check some foreign body. Mechanical drive down movement, quick check assembly actions or backlash between beam and transmission gear method is evading movement of the arm, paraesthesia movement (back and forth movement). However due to the normal manufacturer tolerance precision is very high, so this test method will be very inaccurate. If you suspect assembly beam and transmission gear may have a problem, a better method is to use cheng long magnetic table. According to the manufacturer manual adjust backlash, check the shaft of the whole trip, ensure assembly beam and transmission.

 

 

氣動系統
包括多軸向伺服驅動在內,只要有轉腕和真空抓取動作,幾乎所有機械手都會有氣動功能。密切注意過濾調壓閥單元的吸盤,其中積有水就表明通過系統的壓縮氣源濕度過大。少量水氣的存在都可能傳送到氣動閥和致動器,造成氧化和內部污染,最終可能導致調壓閥粘住或致動器斷斷續續的粘住或失效。如果吸盤配置自動除濕系統,吸盤上的污染或變色也表明水氣在去除之前在增加。如果水聚集到吸盤中,即使時間很短,它也能進入系統,造成上述問題。 如果氣動膠管有任何有形損壞,那么系統就可能會有泄漏。

  如果氣壓回路在正常操作壓力下充滿空氣,并且在回路某處出現泄漏,那么你應該更容易發現明顯的咝咝聲,進而幫助你確定泄漏的位置。

 

including more than axial servo drive, as long as there is to turn the wrist and vacuum grasp motion, almost all will have the function of pneumatic manipulator. Pay close attention to the suction cups of filtration pressure regulating valve unit, in which the product is water suggests that through the system of compressed air humidity. The presence of a small amount of moisture is likely to be sent to the pneumatic valve and actuator, cause oxidation and internal contamination, could eventually lead to a pressure regulating valve sticking or actuator intermittent sticking or failure. If the suction cup configuration automatic dehumidification system, pollution or discoloration on the suction cup before also shows that the moisture removal is on the rise. If the water gathered in suction cups, even if the time is very short, it can also enter the system, the above problem. If there are any physical damage, pneumatic hose system may have a leak.

 

 

檢查成型設備

標準配置的機械手通常都安裝在成型設備的模板上。當設備快速運行時,來自成型設備的振動可能會傳遞到機械手上,并可導致損壞。 簡單觀察成型設備的運行情況,保證模具運動被調整到合理狀態,減少晃動或振動次數,可以延長機械手的壽命。在高速運行情況下,振動頻率可能會非常高,最好將機械手安裝在獨立于 成型設備的支承結構上。

 

Standard configuration of the manipulator are usually installed on the template of molding equipment. When the equipment running fast, from the vibration of the molding equipment may be passed to the mechanical hand, and can cause damage. Easy to observe the running situation of molding equipment, ensure the mold movement has been adjusted to the reasonable state, decrease The Times of shaking or vibration can extend the life of the manipulator. Under the condition of high speed running, the vibration frequency can be very high, it is best to manipulator installed on the supporting structure is independent of the molding equipment.

 

 

注意配線磨損

在檢查機械手表面時,如果發現黑色顆粒或粉末,那么就表明機械手電路配線有磨損跡象。但是,即使你發現不了這些磨損信號,仔細察看所有電源、變壓器或編碼器電纜,配線路徑的內外兩側也可,因為在生產循環期間,連續摩擦機械手的配線,或連接在電纜導軌上的配線,最終都會磨損并且失效。確保配線扎帶的安全,以及電纜的合理安裝。

 

On the surface inspection manipulator, if found black granule or powder, then manipulator circuit wiring signs of wear. But, even if you can't find these wear signals, carefully check all the power, transformer or encoder cables, wiring paths on both sides of inside and outside also can, because during the production cycle, continuous friction manipulator wiring, wiring or connected to the cable guide rail, eventually wear out and invalid. Ensure the safety of the wiring cable tie, and the reasonable installation of the cable.

 

 

檢查潤滑

機械手使用彈簧加載的潤滑棒,除非有證據表明導軌潤滑不充分,否則只需要一年替換一次。配置自動化潤滑系統,可以順著機械手運動連續進行潤滑。但是如果有一些表面,機械手在其上不能正常運動,那么對這些區域進行手動潤滑,或實現自動化系統潤滑的定期程控動作進行潤滑。如果你發現任何運動表面上出現銹斑、腐蝕或磨損,或者只是太干,都說明它們潤滑不足。要始終參考機械手手冊對金屬部件進行合理的潤滑。裝配梁-傳統齒輪系統通過潤滑油存儲單元進行自動化潤滑,但 是需要每年進行更換。

 

Manipulator using spring-loaded lubrication, unless there is evidence that guide insufficient lubrication, otherwise only needs to replace once a year. Configure automatic lubrication system, can follow the manipulator movement for continuous lubrication. But if there is some surface, the manipulator on its can't normal movement, then manually lubrication for these areas, or automated lubrication system lubrication of program-controlled action on a regular basis. If you find any activity's rust spots, corrosion or wear and tear, or just too dry, suggests that they are lack of lubrication. Always refer to the manual manipulator for reasonable lubrication metal parts. Assembly beam - by oil storage unit on traditional gear system automatic lubrication, but is the need to be replaced every year.

 

 

真空抓手回路

真空應該接近瞬時形成,合適的控制器輸入就應該相當于在抓取制品。如果你發現打開真空,接著出現輸入光源,延遲時間超過2秒,那么就表明有真空管線泄露、有缺陷或者切換裝置調節不當。通過外掛的主控制面板可以很容易進行測試。如果機械手配置數字真空切換單元,那么就可以快速自動微調抓取制品所需真空的最小閾值。該過程可以在機械手自動運行模式下運行時完成。在存儲器里保存每個生產周期的設定參數,這可以在下一次生產變化時節約時間。數字式真空切換裝置還有另外兩種優勢: 抓取閾值信號電子濾波器彌補了快速運動時真空吸盤上制品的振動。 制品釋放閾值與抓取閾值不同,可進行程控,可保證在快速生產周期條件下得到合適的釋放。

 

Vacuum should be close to the instantaneous formation, the appropriate controller input should be equivalent to the scraping of the products. If you find that open the vacuum, then appeared the input source, delay time more than 2 seconds, then have a vacuum pipeline leak, defective or improper adjustment switch device. Through the plugin master control panel can be easily tested. If manipulator configuration digital vacuum switch unit, automatic can quickly grab products the minimum threshold required for vacuum. The process can be completed in manipulator automatic operation mode. Keep in memory setting parameters of each production cycle, this can save time when the next production change. Digital vacuum switch device has two other advantages: grab threshold signal digital filter.

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